Conditional Dismissal

Conditional Dismissal - Overview

A Conditional Dismissal is a way for you to avoid getting a criminal conviction. It is a form of probation for a disorderly persons offense. If yo u have been charged with an indictable offense, then you need to apply for Pretrial Intervention.
The conditional dismissal program requires that you have a clean record & have been arrested for a non-drug offense. Otherwise, you will not be eligible for this program. 
Before we get into it, please know that there is another program in New Jersey called the Conditional Discharge Program.  
The “discharge” program is for drug charges.
If you have any questions after reading the information here, please contact us. We are criminal lawyers located in Hackensack, serving your area.

Conditional Dismissal - How it Works

Let’s say that you’ve been arrested for either Simple AssaultCriminal Mischief, or Terroristic Threats.

Typically, these cases are treated as misdemeanors (disorderly persons offenses) and tried in New Jersey Municipal Courts.

If you have a clean record & the case against is strong, you may choose to go into the Conditional Dismissal program.
The reason for doing this is to keep your record clean.

Since the case against you is strong, you may believe that the judge will find you guilty if it goes to trial.

This “dismissal” is a quick fix to putting an end to the whole nightmare.

However, just like the name of the program suggests, there are certain “conditions” that you have to fulfill.

The chart below provides an overview of the conditional dismissal process.

Explainer Video

To be eligible for the Conditional Dismissal program, you need to have a clean record. This means that you have no prior convictions. It doesn’t matter if you’ve been arrested. You just can’t have any convictions.

Next, you must never have received any other type of probation.

To repeat once more, your charge cannot involve drugs.
Remember, there’s a different program called Conditional Discharge & it’s for CDS offenses.

Important: Not All Charges Are Eligible for Conditional Dismissal

If your charges involve Domestic Violence, you are disqualified from this program.

If you are charged with any of the following crimes, you will be “disqualified” for this program.

Any crimes that:

  • Involves gang activity
  • Involves organized crime
  • Arises from a continuing criminal business or enterprise
  • Arises from an act against a public officer or employee, and involves a breach of the public trust
  • Involves “domestic violence”
  • Involves an offense against an elderly, disabled or minor person
  • Is an offense involving driving or operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, intoxicating liquor, narcotics,  hallucinogenics or habit-producing drugs (DUI)
  • Involves a violation of animal cruelty laws
  • Alleges violation of a municipal ordinance

What Will Affect My Ability To Be Admitted?​

  • The nature and circumstances of the offense
  • The facts surrounding the commission of the offense
  • Your motivation, age, character, and attitude
  • The desire of the complainant or victim to forego prosecution
  • The needs and interests of the victim and the community
  • The extent to which your offense constitutes part of a continuing pattern of anti-social behavior
  • Whether the offense is of an assaultive or violent nature, either in the act itself or in the possible injurious consequences of the act
  • Whether your participation will adversely affect the prosecution of codefendants
  • Whether diversion is consistent with the public interest

A conditional dismissal Will allow you to Avoid Getting A Criminal Conviction

The whole purpose of the Conditional Dismissal program is for you to “avoid getting a conviction” If you get into the program after you plead guilty or are found guilty, you will not get a conviction on your record. Of course, you have to pay all fines and comply with the conditions of your program. For example, you can not get another conviction or violate a “no-contact” order.

How Long Is the conditional dismissal program?

The program typically lasts one year.
Assuming that you’ve complied with all conditions, your case will be dismissed at the end of one year.

What If I Violate The Conditional Dismissal Terms?

If you are convicted of a new offense or violate any term and condition imposed by the court, the judge can enter a judgment of conviction against you. In other words, you wasted your one and only opportunity to keep your record clean.

Important Immigration Consequences

If you are not a United States and have heard about the Conditional Dismissal program, it is important to consult with an immigration attorney.
We offer immigration services at our firm.
The problem for Non-U.S. Citizens is that your “guilty plea” may serve as the basis for your deportation.

It does not matter that the case will ultimately be dismissed.

Just call us and we will help you.

Final Thoughts

Before you decide to go on probation, meet with us to see if your case is strong.

You may a very strong case that we can get dismissed so that you never have to apply for the conditional dismissal program.

You will also save a lot of money on court costs & probation fees.

Most importantly, you won’t have to live under probation.

Our Experience

You or a loved one have been arrested. Understandably, you are terrified & have a lot of questions. You’ve heard about plea bargains & probation, but the process is overwhelming. You want a local attorney near you to represent you.

Mr. Peyrouton is from Ridgewood & handles all types of criminal matters in New Jersey  The New Jersey Law Journal recently published one of his articles on the subject of criminal law.

How We Can Help

Regardless of the criminal charges you are facing, we are here to defend & protect you. Whether you are facing a restraining order, drug charge, theft charge, or aggravated assault charge, we are here to help you. Even a DWI case can really complicate your life.

If we can’t get your charges dismissed, we can either get them downgraded or place you in a diversionary program. The point is, our criminal defense lawyers will fight tirelessly to get you the best result possible. Take advantage of our free consultation to see how we can help.

Get Help With Your Case

How Do Your Free Consultations Work?

There are plenty of excellent Hackensack criminal lawyers in our area. Most, if not all of them, offer free, 20-minute, consultations. However, our free consultations do not have a time limit. You will never feel rushed.

The best way for us to help you is to patiently listen to your side of the story. Your version of events will serve as the basis for your legal defense. It is during these initial meetings that your memory of the event is fresh in your mind. Why we would rush you during such an important aspect of your case.

We understand that your choice of attorney could mean the difference between your freedom and spending years behind bars. 

When you hire an attorney, you are entering a long-term relationship. For this reason, it is important that you feel comfortable with the team of Hackensack criminal lawyers that will represent you.

What our clients say about us:

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A person extorts if he purposely threatens to:

a. Inflict bodily injury on or physically confine or restrain anyone or commit any other criminal offense;
b. Accuse anyone of an offense or cause charges of an offense to be instituted against any person;
c. Expose or publicize any secret or any asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or to impair his credit or business repute;
d. Take or withhold action as an official, or cause an official to take or withhold action;
e. Bring about or continue a strike, boycott or other collective action, if the property is not demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act;
f. Testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another’s legal claim or defense; or
g. Inflict any other harm which would not substantially benefit the actor but which is calculated to materially harm another person.

***It is an affirmative defense to prosecution based on paragraphs b, c, d or f that the property obtained was honestly claimed as restitution or indemnification for harm done in the circumstances or as lawful compensation for property or services.

Reasonable Articulable Suspicion

Reasonable suspicion is a “search” standard that applies in criminal law.

When a police officer conducts a warrantless search, and does not have probable cause to justify the search, the courts look to see if the police had
a “reasonable & articulable suspicion” for the search.

A mere “hunch” is not enough.

In other words, a police officer has to provide an acceptable explanation for the search.

United States Constitution

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

NJSA - 2C:43-7.2.
Eligibility for parole;
persons convicted of certain violent crimes

a. A court imposing a sentence of incarceration for a crime of the first or second degree enumerated in subsection d. of this section shall fix a minimum term of 85% of the sentence imposed, during which the defendant shall not be eligible for parole.


b. The minimum term required by subsection a. of this section shall be fixed as a part of every sentence of incarceration imposed upon every conviction of a crime enumerated in subsection d. of this section, whether the sentence of incarceration is determined pursuant to N.J.S.2C:43-6, N.J.S.2C:43-7, N.J.S.2C:11-3 or any other provision of law, and shall be calculated based upon the sentence of incarceration actually imposed. The provisions of subsection a. of this section shall not be construed or applied to reduce the time that must be served before eligibility for parole by an inmate sentenced to a mandatory minimum period of incarceration. Solely for the purpose of calculating the minimum term of parole ineligibility pursuant to subsection a. of this section, a sentence of life imprisonment shall be deemed to be 75 years.


c. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary and in addition to any other sentence imposed, a court imposing a minimum period of parole ineligibility of 85 percent of the sentence pursuant to this section shall also impose a five-year term of parole supervision if the defendant is being sentenced for a crime of the first degree, or a three-year term of parole supervision if the defendant is being sentenced for a crime of the second degree. The term of parole supervision shall commence upon the completion of the sentence of incarceration imposed by the court pursuant to subsection a. of this section unless the defendant is serving a sentence of incarceration for another crime at the time he completes the sentence of incarceration imposed pursuant to subsection a., in which case the term of parole supervision shall commence immediately upon the defendant’s release from incarceration. During the term of parole supervision the defendant shall remain in release status in the community in the legal custody of the Commissioner of the Department of Corrections and shall be supervised by the State Parole Board as if on parole and shall be subject to the provisions and conditions

Felony Degree

Prison & Fines

Examples

First-Degree

1st-degree felony charges in NJ are reserved for the most serious criminal offenses. Prison terms start at a minimum of 10 years in prison.

Second-Degree

2nd-degree felony charges carry 5-10 yrs in prison.
These charges can often be “downgraded” to 3rd or 4th-degree crimes.

Third-Degree

3rd-degree felony charges carry 3-5 years.
You have a good shot at PTI if you are charged with a 3rd-degree.

Fourth-Degree

4th-degree felony charges carry up to 18 months in jail. These cases can get “remanded” to a lower court. In this way, you will be out of “felony” danger.