New Jersey Municipal Courts are where all of the action happens.

Municipal Court - The Basics

New Jersey Municipal Courts handle the highest volume of cases in the state.

From Traffic & DUI matters to Simple Assault & Harassment charges, these courts average thousands of cases per month.

Patience is an absolute necessity when going to municipal court. 

Your visit could take anywhere from an hour to four hours, especially when the court is crowded.

Expect medium to long lines starting at the security line.  Then you will have to wait in line to speak with the prosecutor.  Next, you will have to wait for the judge to call your case. 

Lastly, you will have to wait at the ticket window to pay your fines.

NJ municipal court Appearances

First and foremost, carry yourself as you would when you attend your school or religious institution.

Conduct yourself during your court appearance as you would in any formal gathering.

Plan in advance and think of all of the things that you would take into consideration, i.e. parking, proper attire, punctuality, seating, and most importantly, an adequate supply of patience.

You will be expected to demonstrate proper conduct at all times. 

Proper conduct means:

  • No talking or texting;
  • No eating/drinking/chewing gum;
  • Showing respect for court staff.

Court employees are some of the hardest-working employees in the New Jersey Municipal Court system and should never be mistreated.  In my experience, they are always doing their absolute best to help everyone.

If English is not your first language. 

If English is your second language, you may feel that you will not be able to properly present your case. Do not worry.

Every Municipal Court in New Jersey either has an interpreter in the courtroom or they have the technology to call a service that offers interpreters for every language. 

In short, everyone is accommodated.

municipal court - Time-Saving Tips

Have Your Paperwork

Being prepared with your documents will speed up the process. Your paperwork contains your ticket or complaint number and providing this to the court clerk simplifies everyone’s life.  

Cell Phones Off

If you are not represented by counsel, kindly inquire as to where you should go to check-in.  with the exception of counsel cases, all matters are taken in the order in which the person arrives.

New Jersey Municipal Court prosecutors deal with hundreds of people a week and these professionals really appreciate courteous defendants.  If you are appearing for a minor traffic offense, you may get a good result on your own & save money on attorney fees.

Important:

Every court is filled with microphones.  These microphones are state-of-the-art microphones and they are super sensitive.  They will record absolutely everything that is said in the court room.  You do not have an expectation of privacy in court and if you whisper an incriminating fact about your case to anyone, it may be recorded & used against you.  

Every court follows an order in hearing each case (with slight variations). 

Attorney cases go first. 

This means that if a defendant has retained counsel, even if the defendant and his attorney arrive after you, their case is heard first.  This is a court rule.

The reason for this is that attorneys appear in different courts throughout the day and if they had to wait until the very end of each court session to have their matter heard, then the courts would be back-logged for years.

Next, the judge hears all guilty pleas, dismissals, and adjournments (case gets carried to another date).

Towards the end of each court session, the judge hears all parking ticket cases.  If you are disputing a twenty-dollar ticket, ask yourself, “Is this ticket really worth four hours of my time?”

Trials take place at the very end of each court session.  They are often scheduled for “special” sessions because they can take many hours to complete depending on the amount of evidence and the number of witnesses.

 

Municipal Court & Pleading Guilty

If you decide to plead guilty to a misdemeanor or traffic offense “just because” you want to “get it over with”, think again.

Disorderly Persons convictions will stay on your record for five years.

Municipal ordinance convictions will stay on your record for two years.

Pleading guilty to a traffic ticket could result in losing your driving privileges.

Don’t let your impatience hurt you. Take your time and be informed before pleading guilty to anything.

Remember this: it’s ten times harder to undo a guilty plea than it is to resolve your case properly the first time around. During your first NJ court appearance, be patient & tell the judge that you would like to get a lawyer. If you cannot afford a lawyer, you may apply for a public defender.

For example, if you’ve been charged with a Simple Assault, your lawyer will review the evidence in your case & advise you of the following options:

Plead Guilty

You will have to admit what you did under oath. This option will leave you with a criminal conviction. It will stay on your record for 5 years before it can be expunged. And it will show up a background check.

Plead Guilty to a Downgraded Charge

This is one aspect of plea bargaining. Instead of admitting that you committed a simple assault against someone, we will work out a deal with the prosecutor where you plea guilty to a downgraded charge.

Go To Trial & Get Acquitted

This means that the Municipal court judge listened to all of the evidence & decided that you are not guilty of committing simple assault.

Go To Trial & Get Convicted

This means that the judge listened to all of the evidence & decided that you did commit simple assault.

Municipal Court - Do Not Miss It

Make certain to attend all court appearances. 

New Jersey Municipal court judges have the power to issue warrants for your arrest if you fail to appear when summoned to do so.

People mistakenly believe that the charge will go away with time.  This is not true. 

We have represented many clients who were stopped for a minor traffic offense and once the police officer asks for identification, the fifteen-year-old-warrant pops up and that client ends up in jail. 

Fines are increased, and the prosecutor is less willing to cooperate with a plea deal because you disrespected the court for so many years. 

People try to argue (unsuccessfully) that their address changed, or they moved to another state. 

Do the right thing and be responsible: show up to court!

To better help you, here’s the complete contact list for New Jersey Municipal Courts.

Final Thoughts

If you go to court alone and the Prosecutor is strongly recommending that you retain legal counsel, be polite and accept his suggestion. 

At a minimum, most defense attorneys offer free thirty-minute consultations.  Some attorneys even offer Free Case Evaluations.  Take advantage of these free offerings and learn about the strengths and weaknesses of your case.

If you exercise your right to a trial and are found guilty but disagree with the court’s decision, you have 20 days to appeal the conviction. 

Judges are human, and they can make mistakes.  Once you file your notice of appeal, a different judge, from a different court (Superior Court), will hear the evidence anew. perhaps on appeal, the superior court will reverse the lower court’s decision. 

​Again, before you invest a lot of time and money pursuing an appeal alone, meet with us to see how we can help you.

Our consultations are free.

If I'm convicted at trial, can I appeal?

Yes.

Although appeals can be expensive, it’s definitely worth the money to try.
If you feel that you didn’t get a fair trial or that certain evidence was irrelevant, an appeal is a way to go.
I highly recommend that you hire an aggressive, criminal lawyer to represent you for your appeal.
There are specific steps that must be taken to (intelligently) file an appeal.
Please do not try to do this alone, get help!

Our Experience

You or a loved one have been arrested. Understandably, you are terrified & have a lot of questions. You’ve heard about plea bargains & probation, but the process is overwhelming. You want a local attorney near you to represent you.

Mr. Peyrouton is from Ridgewood & handles all types of criminal matters in New Jersey The New Jersey Law Journal recently published one of his articles on the subject of criminal law.

How We Can Help

Regardless of the criminal charges you are facing, we are here to defend & protect you. Whether you are facing a restraining order, drug charge, theft charge, or aggravated assault charge, we are here to help you. Even a DWI case can really complicate your life.

If we can’t get your charges dismissed, we can either get them downgraded or place you in a diversionary program. The point is, our criminal defense lawyers will fight tirelessly to get you the best result possible. Take advantage of our free consultation to see how we can help.

Our Practice Areas

Below, you will find a few of our practice areas.

Areas We Serve

Our Hackensack criminal lawyers represent clients in Bergen County & nearby counties & cities. 

Get Help With Your Case

How Do Your Free Consultations Work?

There are plenty of excellent Hackensack criminal lawyers in our area. Most, if not all of them, offer free, 20-minute, consultations. However, our free consultations do not have a time limit. You will never feel rushed.

The best way for us to help you is to patiently listen to your side of the story. Your version of events will serve as the basis for your legal defense. It is during these initial meetings that your memory of the event is fresh in your mind. Why we would rush you during such an important aspect of your case.

We understand that your choice of attorney could mean the difference between your freedom and spending years behind bars. 

When you hire an attorney, you are entering a long-term relationship. For this reason, it is important that you feel comfortable with the team of Hackensack criminal lawyers that will represent you.

What our clients say about us

Peyrouton Law
5.0
Based on 105 reviews
Edie Nolan
Edie Nolan
21:52 18 Apr 20
The office of Peyrouton Law Helped my family so much, I can't put it into words how much. The day we walked into the office we explained our situation to Alan and his associates and they took on our situation like we were family.
Edward Estupinan
Edward Estupinan
18:04 09 Mar 20
The Peyrouton Law firm is the place to go to if you need great representation. Extremely knowledgeable, honest and prompt. Alan and Kevin got our family through a very difficult and emotional matter quickly and with ease. The office was highly professional, responsive and compassionate. They kept us informed and advised us wisely throughout the entire process. I highly recommend this firm. Karen & Ed E.
traviscp longendyke
traviscp longendyke
15:41 04 Feb 20
Hey, this is Travis. Hope all is well with you guys. I just wanted to reach out and truly thank you guys for everything you did for me and my family and also believing in me at a point when I barely believed in myself. I am off the "conditional probation", and everything is over with. We have our three little beautiful girls (which The youngest just turned one a few days ago), we both have amazing jobs where we are very blessed to be making what we are making for our family, and we are in the process and about to go into contract with buying our first home (a BEAUTIFUL 400,000 dollar home).... Lizzy and myself just wanted to truly thank you guys for believing in me and doing everything you could so I can be in this amazing spot in life that my family is in. I owe a lot of this to you guys and I hope you know what you do does not go unappreciated and you guys are making a huge impact and you guys are a huge help on certain people's lives. This above was a text message that I just sent to Alan and Kevin. For anyone who is looking for AMAZING people to represent you, that will literally do anything and everything they can for you to receive the best outcome, then these are the people you want, I PROMISE you that. They literally made miracles happen on my multiple cases. Alan from day one made me promise him that I would do everything I could to better my life. I did that and in return I received the most amazing lawyers who went above and beyond for me and my family. I couldn’t of created a better pair of lawyers to represent me. If anyone is looking for great results on your case please give Alan and Kevin a shot and I promise you (because I owe a lot of my success right now to these men) that you will not be disappointed and they will do everything they can for you.
Jose Nose
Jose Nose
22:17 03 Feb 20
Alan and Kevin helped me avoid prison on huge drug charges. Then, they beat my DUI case. They’re the perfect combination of aggressive and humble lawyers. Fees are very reasonable and they really cared about me. I totally recommend. My lawyers for life.
Geraldino Fils
Geraldino Fils
00:32 01 Feb 20
Omar Newell
Omar Newell
18:07 23 Jan 20
MY LAWYERS FOR LIFE!!!!!Alan and Kevin are the Best!!!!!!Most genuine lawyers I’ve ever met...they were very detailed and kept me informed about the process every step of the way... These guys have a genuine passion for law and will work endlessly to ensure a favorable outcome... they treat you like family which is what everyone needs when faced with a situation...
Erico Pilates
Erico Pilates
03:18 16 Jan 20
Thank you Dr Peyrouton for your professional advice on my closing issue and for helping me with my litigation case. I am super grateful for a speedy successful outcome on this process.
njfirearms
njfirearms
05:03 01 Jan 20
Alan and his team have worked magic on cases and are the easiest to work with of the attorney's I know. I am impressed by how they get things done and their success with cases large and small. Always the first call I make when either I or my clients need counsel.
yuksel
yuksel
19:59 19 Dec 19
I was arrested for a 3rd-degree felony case. I spent 5 hours searching for a good NJ criminal defense lawyer online. Every lawyer I called was in a rush and demanded a lot of money. I didn't like how many of these lawyers talked to me either.When I discovered Peyrouton Law, I checked their reviews. Every review was perfect and I was skeptical. Nobody can be so perfect.I talked to Alan on the phone and made a free appointment to come in and see him.Alan and Kevin explained everything to me very clearly. They answered all of my questions patiently. I never felt rushed.Because of my special circumstances, they took my case for an extremely reasonable flat fee. Honestly, they treated me like a brother.Within a few weeks, they were able to get my felony case downgraded to a misdemeanor.Long story short, I ended up paying a small fine for a municipal ordinance.As a client, I only had to go to court only three times.Even though my case is over, I will continue to keep in contact with Alan and Kevin.I consider them excellent people and they've become trusted friends.If any of my friends or family members ever need a lawyer, I will just grab them by the hand and take them to see Alan and Kevin.You know, when I got arrested, I was humiliated, lost my vacation time, and lost a lot of sleep but the best part of this whole thing is that I made two great friends for life...
Brian Galbraith
Brian Galbraith
23:43 12 Dec 19
Alan and Kevin were the first attorneys I've ever needed for any criminal matter in my life. I was speaking with other potential attorneys for my hire and they were all very nasty and and in a hurry. upon hiring Allen he appointed Kevin Brown to my case. Kevin always listened to everything I had to say, took every detail into account and given that I work for a government agency he saved my career from going into the gutter. I had a felony dropped down to a disorderly persons offense and drop down finally to a municipal ordinance charge which leaves me with no criminal record. I could not thank either of you enough and I don't think that the retainer fee was even enough. Alan and Kevin both saved me and I am forever grateful. if you want good results and honest advice with a touch of hospitality and great customer service hire them now, get their business card and keep it in your wallet just in case. Five stars well-deserved.
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