New Jersey Municipal Courts are where all of the action happens.

Municipal Court - The Basics

New Jersey Municipal Courts handle the highest volume of cases in the state.

From Traffic & DUI matters to Simple Assault & Harassment charges, these courts average thousands of cases per month.

Patience is an absolute necessity when going to municipal court. 

Your visit could take anywhere from an hour to four hours, especially when the court is crowded.

Expect medium to long lines starting at the security line.  Then you will have to wait in line to speak with the prosecutor.  Next, you will have to wait for the judge to call your case. 

Lastly, you will have to wait at the ticket window to pay your fines.

NJ municipal court Appearances

First and foremost, carry yourself as you would when you attend your school or religious institution.

Conduct yourself during your court appearance as you would in any formal gathering.

Plan in advance and think of all of the things that you would take into consideration, i.e. parking, proper attire, punctuality, seating, and most importantly, an adequate supply of patience.

You will be expected to demonstrate proper conduct at all times. 

Proper conduct means:

  • No talking or texting;
  • No eating/drinking/chewing gum;
  • Showing respect for court staff.

Court employees are some of the hardest-working employees in the New Jersey Municipal Court system and should never be mistreated.  In my experience, they are always doing their absolute best to help everyone.

If English is not your first language. 

If English is your second language, you may feel that you will not be able to properly present your case. Do not worry.

Every Municipal Court in New Jersey either has an interpreter in the courtroom or they have the technology to call a service that offers interpreters for every language. 

In short, everyone is accommodated.

municipal court - Time-Saving Tips

Have Your Paperwork

Being prepared with your documents will speed up the process. Your paperwork contains your ticket or complaint number and providing this to the court clerk simplifies everyone’s life.  

Cell Phones Off

If you are not represented by counsel, kindly inquire as to where you should go to check-in.  with the exception of counsel cases, all matters are taken in the order in which the person arrives.

New Jersey Municipal Court prosecutors deal with hundreds of people a week and these professionals really appreciate courteous defendants.  If you are appearing for a minor traffic offense, you may get a good result on your own & save money on attorney fees.

Important:

Every court is filled with microphones.  These microphones are state-of-the-art microphones and they are super sensitive.  They will record absolutely everything that is said in the court room.  You do not have an expectation of privacy in court and if you whisper an incriminating fact about your case to anyone, it may be recorded & used against you.  

Every court follows an order in hearing each case (with slight variations). 

Attorney cases go first. 

This means that if a defendant has retained counsel, even if the defendant and his attorney arrive after you, their case is heard first.  This is a court rule.

The reason for this is that attorneys appear in different courts throughout the day and if they had to wait until the very end of each court session to have their matter heard, then the courts would be back-logged for years.

Next, the judge hears all guilty pleas, dismissals, and adjournments (case gets carried to another date).

Towards the end of each court session, the judge hears all parking ticket cases.  If you are disputing a twenty-dollar ticket, ask yourself, “Is this ticket really worth four hours of my time?”

Trials take place at the very end of each court session.  They are often scheduled for “special” sessions because they can take many hours to complete depending on the amount of evidence and the number of witnesses.

 

Municipal Court & Pleading Guilty

If you decide to plead guilty to a misdemeanor or traffic offense “just because” you want to “get it over with”, think again.

Disorderly Persons convictions will stay on your record for five years.

Municipal ordinance convictions will stay on your record for two years.

Pleading guilty to a traffic ticket could result in losing your driving privileges.

Don’t let your impatience hurt you. Take your time and be informed before pleading guilty to anything.

Remember this: it’s ten times harder to undo a guilty plea than it is to resolve your case properly the first time around. During your first NJ court appearance, be patient & tell the judge that you would like to get a lawyer. If you cannot afford a lawyer, you may apply for a public defender.

For example, if you’ve been charged with a Simple Assault, your lawyer will review the evidence in your case & advise you of the following options:

Plead Guilty

You will have to admit what you did under oath. This option will leave you with a criminal conviction. It will stay on your record for 5 years before it can be expunged. And it will show up a background check.

Plead Guilty to a Downgraded Charge

This is one aspect of plea bargaining. Instead of admitting that you committed a simple assault against someone, we will work out a deal with the prosecutor where you plea guilty to a downgraded charge.

Go To Trial & Get Acquitted

This means that the Municipal court judge listened to all of the evidence & decided that you are not guilty of committing simple assault.

Go To Trial & Get Convicted

This means that the judge listened to all of the evidence & decided that you did commit simple assault.

Municipal Court - Do Not Miss It

Make certain to attend all court appearances. 

New Jersey Municipal court judges have the power to issue warrants for your arrest if you fail to appear when summoned to do so.

People mistakenly believe that the charge will go away with time.  This is not true. 

We have represented many clients who were stopped for a minor traffic offense and once the police officer asks for identification, the fifteen-year-old-warrant pops up and that client ends up in jail. 

Fines are increased, and the prosecutor is less willing to cooperate with a plea deal because you disrespected the court for so many years. 

People try to argue (unsuccessfully) that their address changed, or they moved to another state. 

Do the right thing and be responsible: show up to court!

To better help you, here’s the complete contact list for New Jersey Municipal Courts.

Final Thoughts

If you go to court alone and the Prosecutor is strongly recommending that you retain legal counsel, be polite and accept his suggestion. 

At a minimum, most defense attorneys offer free thirty-minute consultations.  Some attorneys even offer Free Case Evaluations.  Take advantage of these free offerings and learn about the strengths and weaknesses of your case.

If you exercise your right to a trial and are found guilty but disagree with the court’s decision, you have 20 days to appeal the conviction. 

Judges are human, and they can make mistakes.  Once you file your notice of appeal, a different judge, from a different court (Superior Court), will hear the evidence anew. perhaps on appeal, the superior court will reverse the lower court’s decision. 

​Again, before you invest a lot of time and money pursuing an appeal alone, meet with us to see how we can help you.

Our consultations are free.

If I'm convicted at trial, can I appeal?

Yes.

Although appeals can be expensive, it’s definitely worth the money to try.
If you feel that you didn’t get a fair trial or that certain evidence was irrelevant, an appeal is a way to go.
I highly recommend that you hire an aggressive, criminal lawyer to represent you for your appeal.
There are specific steps that must be taken to (intelligently) file an appeal.
Please do not try to do this alone, get help!

Our Experience

You or a loved one have been arrested. Understandably, you are terrified & have a lot of questions. You’ve heard about plea bargains & probation, but the process is overwhelming. You want a local attorney near you to represent you.

Mr. Peyrouton is from Ridgewood & handles all types of criminal matters in New Jersey The New Jersey Law Journal recently published one of his articles on the subject of criminal law.

How We Can Help

Regardless of the criminal charges you are facing, we are here to defend & protect you. Whether you are facing a restraining order, drug charge, theft charge, or aggravated assault charge, we are here to help you. Even a DWI case can really complicate your life.

If we can’t get your charges dismissed, we can either get them downgraded or place you in a diversionary program. The point is, our criminal defense lawyers will fight tirelessly to get you the best result possible. Take advantage of our free consultation to see how we can help.

Our Practice Areas

Below, you will find a few of our practice areas.

Areas We Serve

Our Hackensack criminal lawyers represent clients in Bergen County & nearby counties & cities. 

Get Help With Your Case

How Do Your Free Consultations Work?

There are plenty of excellent Hackensack criminal lawyers in our area. Most, if not all of them, offer free, 20-minute, consultations. However, our free consultations do not have a time limit. You will never feel rushed.

The best way for us to help you is to patiently listen to your side of the story. Your version of events will serve as the basis for your legal defense. It is during these initial meetings that your memory of the event is fresh in your mind. Why we would rush you during such an important aspect of your case.

We understand that your choice of attorney could mean the difference between your freedom and spending years behind bars. 

When you hire an attorney, you are entering a long-term relationship. For this reason, it is important that you feel comfortable with the team of Hackensack criminal lawyers that will represent you.

What our clients say about us

Peyrouton Law
5.0
Based on 118 reviews
Bank Sinatra
Bank Sinatra
23:07 15 Oct 20
Not going to get into detailBut I spoke to a femaleBy the name of SameraWho really helped me see things clearer& Understand my rightsSo I could weigh my optionsAlan came in & he's what I call no nenseStraight down to businessNot Guilty when it's finishedJust wanted to publicly sayThey're the best that I've witnessedThis my 1st reviewNot somethin I'd typically doBut other ppl in my shoes would've plead out to 2Paid double the fees & the retainerSalute to them I'm not a detainerAnd I'm home wit my family rappin for strangers lol
Matthew Jenner
Matthew Jenner
21:28 14 Oct 20
Alan and his team were professional and competent. Alan was always available to offer advice and answer any questions I had. I will recommend Peyrouton Law to friends and family in the future.
Lissette Guzman
Lissette Guzman
18:15 14 Oct 20
One word for this firm OUTSTANDING!!
Ronald Yee
Ronald Yee
00:27 06 Oct 20
Outstanding is the only word that not even comes close to both Mr. Alan Peyrouton, Esq. and Office Manager/Paralegal Ms. Samera Cerva!Although the infraction could have been not only a fine plus incarceration,Mr. Alan negotiated to a fine and settlement of one- half of what was listed as the usual cash amount. Indeed, this law firm gave constant "Personal Touch," and for which there are no words in the English language which can properly convey my thoughts of appreciation.Whenever there was a question and doubt about anything, this law firm answered every question. No additional charges were attached with any telephone call and/or E-mail sent!Advice was also given how to EXPUNGE this legal issue and will continue with the Peyrouton Law Firm until records removal.One can not go wrong by selecting this Exceptional Law Firm.Exceptional Value, Personal Service, Professionalism, Etc. All: Outstanding!!Respectfully submitted,Ronald Yee- Continuing Client.
Rock'd
Rock'd
19:42 19 Aug 20
For many like myself, finding a good lawyer is a must. I was caught in a situation I shouldn't have been in, and Alan was recommended to me through a friend. I'm forever grateful to have found Alan, because most lawyers wont fight tooth and nail to make sure you get the best deal or outcome. Alan was more than patient with me and assured me he would do all he can, and he exceeded my expectations. Thank you Alan!
미셀줌마michell-zoomma
미셀줌마michell-zoomma
22:04 03 Aug 20
알란 변호사를 만나게 된것은인생의 최고의 행운이었습니다. 아주 프로페셔날하고 빠른 일처리로 최고의 만족스러운 결과를 만들어준 알란에게 큰 감사를 드립니다.좀더 많은 한국분들이 도움을 받았으면 좋겠네요.형사전문과 더불어 이민법과 연결해서 최상의 결과를 만들어 줍니다.I was really lucky to find Alan. At first call, I trust him while we talk about my case. He made best result in my case. Alan is the best criminal lawyer in New Jersey. Thank you Alan and his team(specially Samera).Thank you again in my whole life.this is another thank you to alan(from my email)Dear Alan,I couldn't say thank you enough this morning. Now I realized how big of an issue it was.I believed you and trusted you when I was in NJ so I never doubted that I would possibly go to jail.Thank you for everything. There will be more to go but thank you again.I am holding my tears back until my hubby comes back home.See you soon!Michelle😍😭
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Qqtqjsvtacnatsb. Efnsbtjbvs medina music
13:21 03 Aug 20
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Dom O
Dom O
00:36 01 Aug 20
I’m very grateful for all the hard work and effort Peyrouton Law put fourth in my case! Alan is a lawyer who cares and strives to get the best outcome for all of his clients ! He’s like a dog with a bone, he never gives up on you !During the most stressful time in my life they were there for me, fighting for me all the way. Texts to see how me and my family and to keep me informed of all overwhelming court business. I know if I didn’t have Peyrouton Law on my side I wouldn’t have found a better lawyer to help with everything like they did. Anyone who needs a help, compassion at more than reasonable law fees, you couldn’t find a better lawyer !!
Jerry Rivera
Jerry Rivera
02:18 29 Jul 20
Very professional ! Since I called they were very helpful and help me with the case right away , very sincere law firm , when they are talking about the case you feel like they are part of you family and want the best for you , always tells you the truth. I recommend them 100%
ceci Liu
ceci Liu
01:43 25 Jul 20
they are very professional and very helpful team. I got traffic ticket and to be able to reduce to 0 point and affordable fine. It was during covid time and Samera helps me a lot through phone calls and emails. Samera is very responsive and easy to approach. Alan is great and friendly. truly appreciate for all the help and patience.
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