NJ Leaving Scene Accident

About us

NJ Leaving Scene Accident can be either a traffic offense or a criminal charge.

Everything depends on whether someone was injured in the accident.

For example, if you got into a minor fender-bender and drove away (for whatever reason), then you’re probably facing a traffic violation under N.J.S.A. 39:4 -129.

Now, if you were involved in leaving NJ Leaving Scene Accident because you drove off after realizing that someone suffered serious bodily injury, then you’re facing a 3rd-degree felony.

NJ Leaving Scene Accident Made Simple

We’ve broken it down for you here but if you want the complete law, you can find it at the bottom of this page.

NJ Leaving Scene Accident basics – If there is serious bodily injury, a person leaving the scene of an accident could be charged with N.J.S.A. 2C:12-1.1, “Knowingly leaving the scene of motor vehicle accident resulting in serious bodily injury”.

“Serious Bodily Injury” is defined as a bodily injury which:

  • Creates a substantial risk of death.
  • Causes serious, permanent disfigurement.
  • Causes protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ.

If convicted, will i go to jail?

Jail is a strong possibility.

In New Jersey, third-degree felonies have what is called a “Presumption of Non-Incarceration.”

This means that if convicted, the judge does not consider prison time as the first alternative for sentencing.

The judge will consider other alternatives like probation.
However, the presumption of non-imprisonment does not apply under N.J.S.A. 2C:12-1.1.
If you are convicted of leaving the scene after causing someone serious injury you be sentenced to prison.
It does not matter that you do not have a prior criminal record.

NJ Leaving Scene Accident & Assault By Auto

Can I be charged with NJ Leaving Scene Accident and assault by auto?

Unfortunately, the answer is yes.

The law says that being charged with one crime does not prevent being charged with the other crime.

Would I be subject to separate penalties?

Yes.
Being sentenced on one charge does not prevent being sentenced on the other charge.

But what if I had was unaware of any injuries to the other driver?
You cannot raise the ignorance defense.

For example, you cannot say “The only reason I left the scene of the accident was because I was unaware that someone got hurt. If I had known this, I would’ve stayed at the scene.”

The law in NJ states that if you are involved in a car accident, you must stop your vehicle and call the police or 911.
This means that you have to wait for the police to arrive.

NJ Leaving Scene AccidentTime Limits

In New Jersey, knowingly leaving accident scene resulting in serious bodily injury is a third-degree crime.

As a third-degree crime, the state has five years to file a complaint against the driver who left the scene.
The time limit to file a complaint is called a “statute of limitations.”

NJ Leaving Scene Accident Investigations

An officer who responds to the scene of an accident will look at many details to determine who caused the accident and who left the scene.
Most times drivers who flee the scene are ultimately identified.

As part of their investigation, detectives look at:

  • Car parts in the road.
  • Tire marks in the roadway.
  • Video footage from nearby stores or light poles.
  • Paint marks on any cars involved in the accident.

NJ Leaving Scene Accident Advice

You should contact us.

As New Jersey traffic and criminal defense lawyers, we are familiar with the law.
We know how to analyze the facts of your case, and determine your best defenses.
Leaving accident scene cases are extremely complicated.

NJ Leaving Scene Accident - Complete NJ Law 2C:12-1.1

Knowingly leaving the scene of motor vehicle accident resulting in serious bodily injury, third-degree crime.

A motor vehicle operator who knows he is involved in an accident and knowingly leaves the scene of that accident under circumstances that violate the provisions of R.S.39:4-129 shall be guilty of a crime of the third degree if the accident results in serious bodily injury to another person.

The presumption of non-imprisonment outlined in N.J.S.2C:44-1 shall not apply to persons convicted under the provisions of this section.

If the evidence so warrants, nothing in this section shall be deemed to preclude an indictment and conviction for aggravated assault or assault by auto under the provisions of N.J.S.2C:12-1.

Notwithstanding the provisions of N.J.S.2C:1-8 or any other provisions of law, a conviction arising under this section shall not merge with a conviction for aggravated assault or assault by auto under the provisions of N.J.S.2C:12-1 and a separate sentence shall be imposed upon each conviction.

Notwithstanding the provisions of N.J.S.2C:44-5 or any other provisions of law, whenever in the case of such multiple convictions the court imposes multiple sentences of imprisonment for more than one offense, those sentences shall run consecutively.

For this section, neither knowledge of the serious bodily injury nor knowledge of the violation are elements of the offense and it shall not be a defense that the driver of the motor vehicle was unaware of the serious bodily injury or provisions of R.S.39:4-129.

Our Experience

You or a loved one have been arrested. Understandably, you are terrified & have a lot of questions. You’ve heard about plea bargains & probation, but the process is overwhelming. You want a local attorney near you to represent you.

Mr. Peyrouton is from Ridgewood & handles all types of criminal matters in New Jersey complex as well as nearby cities. The New Jersey Law Journal recently published one of his articles on the subject of criminal law.

How We Can Help

Regardless of the criminal charges you are facing, we are here to defend & protect you. Whether you are facing a restraining order, drug charge, theft charge, or aggravated assault charge, we are here to help you. Even a DWI case can really complicate your life.

If we can’t get your charges dismissed, we can either get them downgraded or place you in a diversionary program. The point is, our criminal defense lawyers will fight tirelessly to get you the best result possible. Take advantage of our free consultation to see how we can help.

Get Help With Your Case

How Do Your Free Consultations Work?

There are plenty of excellent Hackensack criminal lawyers in our area. Most, if not all of them, offer free, 20-minute, consultations. However, our free consultations do not have a time limit. You will never feel rushed.

The best way for us to help you is to patiently listen to your side of the story. Your version of events will serve as the basis for your legal defense. It is during these initial meetings that your memory of the event is fresh in your mind. Why we would rush you during such an important aspect of your case.

We understand that your choice of attorney could mean the difference between your freedom and spending years behind bars. 

When you hire an attorney, you are entering a long-term relationship. For this reason, it is important that you feel comfortable with the team of Hackensack criminal lawyers that will represent you.

What our clients say about us

Peyrouton Law
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Based on 156 reviews
Gloria Brown
Gloria Brown
20:40 13 Sep 21
I spoke with Samira and she is the best. I can't think her enough for her time and understanding. I was so lost about this case thats hurting me and my family. I truly thank her not many will explain nor take the time without a fee. Samira if you ever become an attorney... You Are Hired 👊👍 I thank this firm for having a great person on their team.
Raul Yas
Raul Yas
18:24 07 Sep 21
Alan was incredible in helping me interpret and understand a real estate related business agreement that required my attention. I simply could not have done it with out him. The service was very speedy and attentive. I highly recommend Peyrouton Law for your legal needs.
Johanna Mejia
Johanna Mejia
17:49 03 Sep 21
Stephen Hanley
Stephen Hanley
15:24 03 Aug 21
I spoke with a wonderful woman named Samira she was extremely informative. Handled the matter I called her about professionally and quick. She quoted me a very reasonable price for the work their firm would have to do. I would recommend this law office for anyone looking for a good lawyer.
Daniel Tirado
Daniel Tirado
00:51 27 Jun 21
I am just so appreciative Peyrouton Law was able to help me through this tough time. I Am extremely satisfied and would definitely recommend them to anyone stuck in this same situation.
Randezja Williams
Randezja Williams
16:28 12 Jun 21
Hands down the best team out there. Phenomenal lawyer, paralegal and law firm. I knew from my consult that I wanted attorney Alan Peyrouton to represent me. Not only did we discuss my case, we shared personal stories and he actually took the time to get to know me as a person. Alan and Samera are both so down to earth, compassionate, knowledgeable, understanding and truly amazing people. I am beyond satisfied and grateful with the outcome of my case. My current job and future employments were saved because he was able to get my aggravated assault charge knocked down to a noise ordinance. I highly recommend to anyone who may need a lawyer. You can tell he genuinely loves his job and wants the best for his clients. Amazing services and reasonable pricing, guaranteed you will never find a team like them. Thank you so much attorney Alan and Samera.
Jose Akamacho23
Jose Akamacho23
09:34 04 Jun 21
Samera is by far the best woman for the job. Almost immediately as I called the office she handled it very efficient and got the job done. I recommend for any tickets you have. She is very responsive and has the answers to any question you have, just in general a woman of her word and a great person overall! The process was very patient and well done.
chris conforti
chris conforti
21:29 01 Jun 21
Samera pays attention to every detail regarding your case. She was very responsive and always there with the answers to any questions you may have. Alan was very professional and knowledgeable about all aspects in regards to my simple assault case. He was always responsive to phone calls and had all the right answers. Case was dismissed in court!
Janiya Fernandez
Janiya Fernandez
22:43 25 May 21
During one of the hardest experiences of my family's lives I couldn't imagine having such a beautiful supportive team to handle our case! They went above and beyond. Sat on the phone and supported me in my most vulnerable moments and that's something you can't put a price on. We thank them so much!
Chris Bombolevicz
Chris Bombolevicz
12:47 06 May 21
The Peyrouton Law office has been exceedingly helpful and diligent over this past year. Would gladly recommend for anyone seeking legal assistance.
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A person extorts if he purposely threatens to:

a. Inflict bodily injury on or physically confine or restrain anyone or commit any other criminal offense;
b. Accuse anyone of an offense or cause charges of an offense to be instituted against any person;
c. Expose or publicize any secret or any asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or to impair his credit or business repute;
d. Take or withhold action as an official, or cause an official to take or withhold action;
e. Bring about or continue a strike, boycott or other collective action, if the property is not demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act;
f. Testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another’s legal claim or defense; or
g. Inflict any other harm which would not substantially benefit the actor but which is calculated to materially harm another person.

***It is an affirmative defense to prosecution based on paragraphs b, c, d or f that the property obtained was honestly claimed as restitution or indemnification for harm done in the circumstances or as lawful compensation for property or services.

Reasonable Articulable Suspicion

Reasonable suspicion is a “search” standard that applies in criminal law.

When a police officer conducts a warrantless search, and does not have probable cause to justify the search, the courts look to see if the police had
a “reasonable & articulable suspicion” for the search.

A mere “hunch” is not enough.

In other words, a police officer has to provide an acceptable explanation for the search.

United States Constitution

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

NJSA - 2C:43-7.2.
Eligibility for parole;
persons convicted of certain violent crimes

a. A court imposing a sentence of incarceration for a crime of the first or second degree enumerated in subsection d. of this section shall fix a minimum term of 85% of the sentence imposed, during which the defendant shall not be eligible for parole.


b. The minimum term required by subsection a. of this section shall be fixed as a part of every sentence of incarceration imposed upon every conviction of a crime enumerated in subsection d. of this section, whether the sentence of incarceration is determined pursuant to N.J.S.2C:43-6, N.J.S.2C:43-7, N.J.S.2C:11-3 or any other provision of law, and shall be calculated based upon the sentence of incarceration actually imposed. The provisions of subsection a. of this section shall not be construed or applied to reduce the time that must be served before eligibility for parole by an inmate sentenced to a mandatory minimum period of incarceration. Solely for the purpose of calculating the minimum term of parole ineligibility pursuant to subsection a. of this section, a sentence of life imprisonment shall be deemed to be 75 years.


c. Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary and in addition to any other sentence imposed, a court imposing a minimum period of parole ineligibility of 85 percent of the sentence pursuant to this section shall also impose a five-year term of parole supervision if the defendant is being sentenced for a crime of the first degree, or a three-year term of parole supervision if the defendant is being sentenced for a crime of the second degree. The term of parole supervision shall commence upon the completion of the sentence of incarceration imposed by the court pursuant to subsection a. of this section unless the defendant is serving a sentence of incarceration for another crime at the time he completes the sentence of incarceration imposed pursuant to subsection a., in which case the term of parole supervision shall commence immediately upon the defendant’s release from incarceration. During the term of parole supervision the defendant shall remain in release status in the community in the legal custody of the Commissioner of the Department of Corrections and shall be supervised by the State Parole Board as if on parole and shall be subject to the provisions and conditions

Felony Degree

Prison & Fines

Examples

First-Degree

1st-degree felony charges in NJ are reserved for the most serious criminal offenses. Prison terms start at a minimum of 10 years in prison.

Second-Degree

2nd-degree felony charges carry 5-10 yrs in prison.
These charges can often be “downgraded” to 3rd or 4th-degree crimes.

Third-Degree

3rd-degree felony charges carry 3-5 years.
You have a good shot at PTI if you are charged with a 3rd-degree.

Fourth-Degree

4th-degree felony charges carry up to 18 months in jail. These cases can get “remanded” to a lower court. In this way, you will be out of “felony” danger.